Slippage is a characteristic of modern, high speed financial markets, where the price at which an order is requested is not the same as the one at which it is executed. This happens because the price shifts in the small amount of time required to put the order through. Slippage is a result of trading activity led by high-speed computer programs, which respond to market changes much more rapidly than human operators.
In DeFi, wallets and exchanges usually offer information about the predicted slippage before users make any requests for an order. The effect of slippage on the price may be positive or negative; i.e. it may end up either benefitting the user or harming them depending on the direction in which it occurs. To keep such unpredictability at a minimum, wallets offer slippage settings where a slippage tolerance can be defined (usually 1 - 3%). During the execution of the order, if the percentage slippage exceeds this limit, then the transaction does not go through and the order is cancelled.
Another strategy of dealing with slippage includes breaking up an order into smaller transactions. Slippage is most unpredictable when there are large orders being requested for a currency with a relatively small market capitalisation, i.e. the total value of the currency in circulation is comparatively low. Hence breaking orders into smaller pieces is sometimes beneficial. Yet, one has to be careful as multiple transactions can rack up a high gas fee (which is calculated per individual transaction). This strategy is not viable when the prevailing price for gas on the network is high.